Motocross is a favored form of bike-racing, and the history of Motocross shows that the sport has evolved through an entire century from the basic motorcycle racing back in the beginning of the 20th century to the racy next-generation sport that it is today.
The ride throughout the evolution of the game and its various forms mid-way is what one will enjoy in this piece.
History of Motocross: The Beginning
The United Kingdom was the place that marked the birth of this sport, with the earliest forms being the ‘Scrambles’ which was a form of bike racing that put aside the ‘trials’ format of the sport. The concept of bike racing became hugely popular and the name motocross racing sprung up from the ‘moto’ for bike and the cross country races that were being held due to the widespread popularity.
The first Scrambles race happened in 1924 and this sport gradually gained momentum during the 1930s, with groups and clubs formed to compete against each other. The rugged terrains beckoned greater people and technologically different bikes for the off-road racing.
Motocross beyond the Second World War
The 1950s saw a leap in technology, with swing-arm suspensions and the introduction of the 500cc displacement formula championships, later its variant-the 250cc which marked the entry of two-stroke engines. Companies that brought in better versions of bikes like more agile and lighter ones were welcomed; the four-stroke engines were assigned only for specific competitions and the introduction of the motocross racing in America happened.
History of Motocross: Corporate Hands
The popularity of motocross racing spreading like wildfire in Europe and America saw the intense competition between companies of different countries vying for the top-spot in motorcycle manufacturing. The Japanese Suzuki claimed the crown in the 250cc arena while Europe gained ground in the 1970s, only to be overtaken by the motocross riders of America in the 1980s.
The Japanese boom was due to the technological superiority they held over their cross-country counterparts, with single-shock absorber rear suspensions and water-cooled motos nudging twin-shocks and air-cooled machines out of the frame.
Then, the technological development of the four-stroke engines in 1990s was directed by environmental laws. That decade also saw the resurrection of European firms in the world motocross arena.
The history of motocross rolls out into the present-day sub-types of the racing sport like indoor versions called arenacross and supercross, special outdoor versions called Freestyle Motocross which employed strong vehicles designed to suit all terrains and incorporated acrobatic techniques for final judgment. Supermoto is one form, which includes dual-terrain of off-road and tarmac racing into it.